Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Berlin-Brandenburg airport (BER)
Today we are sharing some insights for travelers interested in exploring the eastern part of Germany. While Berlin is certainly one of the main touristic hotspots there, the East has much more to offer. Mostly, visitors of Eastern Germany begin their trip in Berlin and reach the city via Berlin Tegel Airport (TXL) or the Berlin Schönefeld Airport (SXF). With connection flights to all over Europe and the World the aviation infrastructure is very favorable for easy traveling. With its also excellent train connections into all directions, the capital is without a doubt an excellent starting point for your Eastern German adventures. Once the still unfinished Berlin-Brandenburg Airport (BER) will open its gates, getting to Berlin will become even more convenient and cheaper for many visitors. Higher passenger capacities will allow to expand the aviation traffic at a lower price. Flight delays, flight cancellations might decrease due to higher technological capacities and efficient airport operations. Nevertheless, flight delays and flight cancellations caused by the airlines will not be anything that can be solved by a new airport. Even though most of the delays are of minor effect, there are about 1-2 flight delays per day over 3 hours. Luckily, these long flight delays are protected by the EU regulation and are supposed to be compensated by the airlines. This way you can receive a legal compensation of up to 600 Euro per passenger. For more information on passenger rights, please, visit our website MYFLYRIGHT.
Those who plan to explore the southern parts of the Eastern Germany might get lucky by getting a cheap direct flight to Dresden Airport (DRS) or Leipzig / Halle (LEJ). This will help to avoid additional extra travel via Berlin. All of the mentioned airports are frequented by Lufthansa (LH), Air Berlin (AB), and many other budget airlines from all over Europe.
The northern region on the Baltic coast, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, is a fantastic place for nature lovers to begin their journey through Eastern Germany. The Baltic coast has a lot to offer – the white chalk cliffs and the famous Sellin Pier on the Rügen Island, the Warnemünde Lighthouse close to the city of Rostock, and many small and beautiful towns along the shore. The Baltic sea with its low level of salt, flat waters, and endless dunes has its very own natural charm that you will not find anywhere else. Zempin, Koserow, and Uckeritz are just a sample of cute small towns at the coast that are nearly completely surrounded by water with the sea on one side and a huge lagoon in the inner part of the town.
The inner part of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is also full of water sites. The Mecklenburg Lake Plateau, Germany´s largest coherent lake and canal region can be found here, as well as several nature parks preserving a unique flora and fauna. This is a great place for spending the summer to chill out and connect with nature without spending too much money. The price level in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is considerable low compared with other touristic areas in Germany.
If you are visiting Brandenburg and come from Berlin, a good starting point could be Potsdam with its renown Sanssouci castle. Getting there from Berlin takes less than thirty minutes. Other impressive sites to see in Brandenburg are the Spreewald UNESCO biosphere reserve with its Alder forests and old farms located in wetlands, and the regions of Havelland, Uckermark and Ruppiner Land. Brandenburg has also many historic old towns of particular beauty such as Bad Belzig, Jüterborg, Perleberg, Cottbus, Templin or Rheinsberg, which you might want to explore.
- ✒Mecklenburg-Vorpommern – Capital: Schwerin; Population: 1.612.362; Area: 23.211,05 km²
- ✒Berlin – Population: 3.520.031
- ✒Brandenburg – Capital: Potsdam; Population: 2.484.826; Area: 29.654,16 km²
- ✒Saxony-Anhalt – Capital: Magdeburg; Population: 245.470; Area: 20.451,58km²
- ✒Thuringia – Capital: Erfurt; Population: 2.170.714; Area: 172,50 km²
- ✒Saxony – Capital: Dresden; Population: 084.851; Area: 18.420,15km²
Saxony-Anhalt is the region with the second largest population in Eastern Germany and with its mountainous geography quite distinct from what can be found in the north. The natural parks around Harz and Brocken mountain offer excellent hiking trails and amazing views over the widespread green forests that Germany is well known for. Saxony-Anhalt’s capital Magdeburg and the city of Halle are two very historic towns you might also want to visit.
The region of Saxony-Anhalt is also the home of four UNESCO World Heritage Sites that offer great historical insight about Germany´s culture you should not miss: The famous Bauhaus architectural art-school in Dessau, the Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm which is one of the first and largest English parks in Germany and continental Europe, the Lutheranian memorial sites Eisleben and Wittenberg, and the historic town of Quedlinburg.
Thuringia and Saxony
In Thuringia, you can also find many historic sites of huge historic importance for the whole of Germany. The inner city of its medieval capital Erfurt is one of the largest preserved historical centers that can be found in the country. In the romantic town of Weimar, you can get in touch with the past of important German poets, artists, and philosophers such as Goethe, Herder, Wieland und Schiller.
Thuringia is also the home of many fortresses and castles. Those are famous touristic spots especially among tourists from overseas. Often located in mountainous and idyllic green areas, they are perfect destinations for short day trips with a natural touch. Particularly beautiful are the Hanstein Castle ruins, the castle Heidecksburg, the Creuzburg Fortress near Eisenach, Friedenstein Castle, and the Dornburger rokoko castles near Jena.
The unquestioned hotspot of Saxony is its capital Dresden, which suffered a major destruction in the Second World War. In a big effort combining public and private donations, many of its amazingly beautiful sights have been restored and can be visited again: The famous Dresden Frauenkirche in the heart of the city and the surrounding Neumarkt, the Fürstenzug – a large mural of a mounted procession which is known as the largest porcelain artwork in the world, Dresden Castle, the famous Semperoper opera house, and the Zwinger – a Rococo-style palace and museum complex. And with that, the list of historic architectural highlights you can visit in Dresden is far from complete. As you might assume already, this is one of the most impressive cities you might want to visit in Germany.
Outside of its capital, Saxony also offers an amazing landscape with many attractions. Saxon Switzerland is the name of a hill climbing area and national park around the Elbe valley southeast of Dresden with more than 1000 climbing peaks and countless hiking trails.